Depending on the state you are in, some of these standards may be adopted as law. Different states have adopted different standards. It is up to you to know which ones apply in your situation.
The standards are considered professional standards and you may be held to them in a court of law, regardless of if your state has adopted them. Every firefighter should be familiar with some of the basics.
You might need to know some of these in order to pass various fire service written exams. You may need to know them as they might have requirements that you or your department must adhere to. There are all sorts of reasons why these standards may be relevant to you.
This article has the intent of giving you a quick description of each standard so you can have a general idea about what it contains. There are hundreds of standards and building codes out there, but these are some you may need to be aware of as a Firefighter I/II or Fire Officer.
1 - Fire Code
70 - Electric Code
101 - Life Safety Code
220 - Types of Building Construction
291 - Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants
472 - Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents
704 - Identification of Hazardous Materials
921 - Guide for Fire and Explosive Inventigations
1001 - Defines a Firefighter I and Firefighter II. JPR’s (job performance requirements) for career and volunteer fire fighters.
1002 - Defines a driver/operator of a fire apparatus. JPR’s (job performance requirements) for career and volunteer fire fighters.
1006 - Defines technical rescue operations. JPR’s (job performance requirements) for career and volunteer fire fighters.
1021 - Standard for Fire Officer Professional Qualifications
1033 - Qualifications for Fire Investigator
1041 - Standard for Fire Service Instructor
1142 - Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting
1403 - Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions
1404 - Requires Air Management Program
1407 - Training for Rapid Intervention Crews
1451 - Vehicle Operations Training Program
1500 - Occupational safety and health requirements. Training. Protective clothing and equipment. Medical and Physical requirements. Health and Wellness programs. Two in, two out rule. Standard for IDLH environments.
1521 - Fire Department Safety Officer
1561 - Incident Management System
1581 - Infection control
1582 - Comprehensive occupational medical program
1583 - Health Related Fitness Programs for Fire Department members
1584 - On scene rehab
1600 - Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity/Continuity of Operations Programs
1710 - Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations and Special Operations by Career Departments
1720 - Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations and Special Operations by Volunteer Departments
1852 - Requires you to confirm SCBA Operational before use
1901 - Fire apparatus
1906 - Wildland apparatus
1911 - Inspection, maintenance and testing of Fire Apparatus
1931 - Ladders
1932 - Maintenance and testing of Ladders
1936 - Rescue tools
1961 - Hose
1962 - Inspection, care and testing of hose
1963 - Hose Connections
1964 - Hose Nozzles
1965 - Hose Appliances
1971 - Structural fire gear
1977 - Wildland fire gear
1981 - SCBA
1982 - PASS Alarm
1983 - Life safety rope
This list is by no means exhaustive, just a summary of the key standards which you may be introduced to in your training as a firefighter.
The NFPA does provide free access to all of its standards.
You can register on the NFPA site (http://www.nfpa.org) and view any standard for free. To download the entire PDF or print each standard you will be required to subscribe/pay. Many departments have at least a few of the standard books available for reference.